Donna Awatere was born at Ohinemutu Pa, Rotorua, the youngest of Arapeta and Elsie Awatere’s five children, and grew up in Ruatoria, Tokomaru Bay, Putiki Pa and Utuhina. She was educated at St Mary’s College and in 1965, aged 16, won the national Korimako Trophy oratory contest for Māori fifth and sixth formers. Donna attended Auckland University and completed her M.A.(Hons) thesis on the development of ethnic attitudes and awareness among Māori primary school children. She continued her studies at Auckland, N.Z. College of Education hoping to ‘help bring about change within the system’ and graduated with a Diploma in Teaching. She worked with three Education Development Conference groups which looked at improving the education system for Māori. In 1970 she joined the Māori rights group Nga Tamatoa and has continued to have a long involvement with Māori and women’s rights. In 1976 she travelled to the United States and visited various feminist groups. She has been involved in women’s refuges and the struggle for justice at Raglan Golf Course, Bastion Point and the 1981 anti-Springbok Tour. Donna has written many articles for the feminist publication Broadsheet and in the late 1970s and early 1980s interviewed key Māori women activists - Kara Karahara, Wiki Tawhara, Hana Jackson, Eva Rickard and Titewhai Harawira. Her series of articles entitled "Māori Sovereignty" published in 1982-83 had widespread impact throughout New Zealand and were published in a separate volume in 1984. She has been a trustee of the Putea Pounamu Trust, the Mt Wellington Marae Committee, the Tangihaere Marae Committee and Te Rananganui o Ngāti Porou. Donna was the director of the Otara Reading Programme and a member of the Ministerial Committee on Broadcasting. She has chaired the Māori Committee on Alcohol Abuse. She has worked as an educational psychologist in Otara for ten years and is a foundation member of Women in Psychology. She is married to Wi Huata and since 1985 they have operated Ihi Communications and Consultancy Limited- a bicultural business offering courses and seminars to government departments and the state services commission. In 1996 Donna became a Member of Parliament representing the ACT party, and in the 1999 and 2002 elections retained her position in parliament as a list MP. She has chaired Te Huawhenua Trust Board, was a founding member of the Auckland Women’s Crisis Centre and the Legal Aid Committee. She has a Diploma in Film Production and is a filmmaker. She is very active in the Hastings community.
- Broadsheet 44 (1976): 6-9.
- New Zealand Parliament Who’s Who 1996. Comp. by Radio NZ 17 Dec., 1996. 25.
- Te Ao Mārama:
Regaining Aotearoa: Māori Writers Speak Out. Comp. and ed. Witi Ihimaera.
Contributing ed. Haare Williams, Irihapeti Ramsden and D. S. Long. Vol. 2: He Whakaatanga O Te Ao: The
Reality. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed, 1993.
- "First Things First." Growing up Māori. Ed. Witi Ihimaera. Auckland, N.Z.: Tandem, 1998. 141-152.
- Haka. Produced by Donna Awatere-Huata. Wellington, N.Z.: Film Commission, 1988: Dept. of Education, Visual Production Unit. [distributor] .
- "Listen to each other." Words by Donna Awatere, music by Caroline O’Callaghan. Broadsheet 44 (1976): 9.
- Awatere writes of the struggle of women in the home and the workplace and urges women to listen to each other and share the burden of oppression.
- "Feminism And Racism: The New Zealand Context." [Readings] [Donna Awatere et al.] No details.
- Te Koputu Taonga: Otara: An Emergent Model of Community Development. [Wellington, N.Z.:?, 198?]
- Co-authors Donna Awatere and Maria Mareroa.
- "Race Relations in New Zealand: An Overview." Racial issues in New Zealand. Ed. Graham Vaughan. Auckland, N.Z.: Akarana Press, 1972. 109-113.
- Co-authors Donna Awatere and Graham M. Vaughan.
- "Woman of the Revolution." Donna Awatere. Broadsheet 74 (Nov. 1979): 22-24.
- Donna Awatere interviews song-writer Kara Karahara who describes the consciousness-raising process she experienced as a member of Nga Tamatoa and other Māori women’s groups in the 1970s, and discusses how her songs focus on Māori women’s struggle against racism and sexism.
- "Wiki Tawhara." Broadsheet 75 (Dec. 1979): 24-27.
- In this interview Wiki Tawhara recalls how after a childhood of ‘learning the Pakeha way in order to be successful’, she began to reclaim her Māori identity, learn te reo Māori, reconnect with her iwi roots and become involved in Māori activist groups after attending the 1974 Māori Artists and Writers Convention in Wairoa. The interview includes two poems by Tawhara.
- "Māori Women." In ‘Looking Back at the Seventies.’ Donna Awatere et al. Broadsheet 77 (Mar. 1980): 12-13.
- Donna Awatere and other women give accounts of women’s groups meeting in the 1970s and assess the progress made in that decade. Donna notes that this was a period of growing feminist awareness amongst Māori women and that after the 1978 Māori Women’s Conference a number of Māori women’s feminist groups emerged examining issues of racism, feminism and Marxism.
- "Awatere at Copenhagen." Broadsheet 83 (Oct. 1980): 10-13, 19.
- An account of the NGO Forum (for non-governmental organisations) in Copenhagen in 1980 which was attended by 8,000 women and run concurrently with the United Nations Mid-Decade Conference on Women.
- "Kōrero - Tia Wahine Ma!" Broadsheet 84 (Nov. 1980): 10-14.
- Donna Awatere gives a report of the first national black women’s hui ‘Kōrero - Tia Wahine Ma!’ which was held at Ngāti Otara Marae in September 1980.
- Otara Reading Programme. Donna Awatere. Graphics, layout and ed. Dian Garrett. [Auckland, N.Z.: Dept. of Education, 1980.] No publication details on this photocopied version.
- An introductory illustrated guide to parents and teachers teaching the methodology and six stages of the four-minute reading programme which was devised by Donna Awatere. The opening notes state that the programme was ‘developed by people who live and work in the Otara area and who wanted to help their kids learn to read’. The project underwent a trial period in 1979.
- "Māori Counselling." A Time to Talk: Counsellor and Counselled. Ed. Felix Donnelly. Auckland, N.Z.: George Allen & Unwin, 1981. 198-202.
- Donna Awatere voices her criticism of the assumptions of humanistic and behaviourist traditions in psychology, which, she contends, fail to determine the wider causes of alienation and oppression - sexism, capitalism and racism. She discusses the sharp increase of Māori women admitted to psychiatric hospitals between 1961 and 1974, and questions the prevalence of schizophrenia or paranoia diagnosed in Māori women. Donna outlines her counselling methods which include redirecting ‘self-hatred into social anger’, developing assertive skills and methods of coping with stress and anger, making short-term and long-term goals using behavioural techniques, the provision of feedback, and support through small support groups.
- "Pacific women meet." Broadsheet 86 (Jan./Feb. 1981): 8-10.
- A report on the sub-regional follow-up meeting of Pacific women in the World Conference of the United Nations’ Decade for Women which was held in Suva in October 30 - November 3, 1981.
- "Fighting Fit." Broadsheet 86 (Jan./Feb. 1981): 12-13.
- A personal account of Donna Awatere’s quest for fitness and her assertion that fitness is a crucial component for feminists.
- "Three-Nation Conference." Broadsheet 86 (Jan./Feb. 1981): 20-23.
- A report on the Three Nations Conference on "Development and Underdevelopment in Canada, Australia and New Zealand" which was held in Christchurch in November 1980.
- "From The Earliest Days The Māori People Have Eased The Pain Of Acculturation With Alcohol." Broadsheet 88 (Apr. 1981): 17.
- In this study of high alcohol abuse in Māori women Donna Awatere observes that lack of economic independence, unemployment, stress-related diseases, poor access to health care, acculturation, and low self-esteem are endemic amongst Māori women.
- The Otara Four Minute Reading Programme. [Auckland, N.Z.: Dept. of Education, 1981.] No publication details on this version.
- This publication is similar to Donna Awatere’s Otara Reading Programme, without the illustrations.
- "Wahine Ma Kōrerotia." Broadsheet 101 (June/Aug. 1982): 23-27. Rpt. in Broadsheet: Twenty Years of Broadsheet Magazine. Selected and introduced by Pat Rosier. Auckland, N.Z.: New Women’s Press, 1992. 67-75. Rpt. as "Three Interviews." In Te Ao Mārama: Regaining Aotearoa: Māori Writers Speak Out. Comp. and ed. Witi Ihimaera. Contributing ed. Haare Williams, Irihapeti Ramsden and D. S. Long. Vol. 2: He Whakaatanga O Te Ao: The Reality. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed, 1993. 183-190.
- Donna Awatere interviews Hana Jackson, Eva Rickard and Titewhai Harawira. Jackson speaks of her involvement with the anti-tour movement of 1968 and describes her push to get the Māori language taught in preschools and primary schools. Eva Rickard tells of the struggle to regain Māori land at Raglan, and Titewhai Harawira speaks of her association with the Māori Women’s Welfare League, the Auckland, N.Z. District Māori Council and the New Zealand Māori Council.
- "Hilda Halkyard." Broadsheet 101 (June/Aug 1982): 29-31. Rpt. in Broadsheet: Twenty Years of Broadsheet Magazine. Comp. and introd. Pat Rosier. Auckland, N.Z.: New Women’s Press, 1992. 63-67.
- Hilda Halkyard talks of her Māori identity and participation in Māori activism in the 1970s.
- "Peacemaker Politics." Broadsheet 102 (Sept. 1982): 6-7.
- Donna Awatere interviews Mei Heremaia about anti-nuclear issues in the Pacific.
- "Māori Sovereignty: Part II: Alliances with Pacific Island People, White Women, the Trade Union Movement, and the Left." Broadsheet 103 (Oct. 1982): 24-29.
- Donna Awatere discusses the relationship between Māori, Polynesian and Pākehā feminists and observes that "[w]hite people’s protest is done within the boundary of the western capitalist culture which is their heritage. Māori people’s protest is done from inside a cage within and against that very culture which has denied us our heritage and our rights.’ Donna employs a Marxist analysis which places Māori in the working class and supposedly allied with the Trade Union movement, but adds that the ‘Trade Union Movement plays by Capitalism’s rules in too many ways for it to be a threat.’ In considering the role of Left wing groups Awatere argues that the ‘white "proletariat" are as chauvinistically pro-British and anti-Māori as the white "boss".’
- Cultural Imperialism and the Māori: The Role of the Public Servant, 1982. No further details.
- "Māori Women’s Health Issues." A Report on the Women’s Health Network National Conference. Held on the 17th, 18th and 19th September, 1982, Auckland, N.Z., New Zealand. Tauranga, N.Z.: New Zealand Women’s Health Network, (1983). 35-38.
- This was one of ten papers presented during the Professional Symposium of the National Women’s Health Conference held in September, 1982. In this overview of Māori health Donna Awatere recounts the statistics that demonstrate that the mortality rates, psychological disorders, substance abuse, suicide rates, unemployment, criminal offending and sentencing are far higher in the Māori community than that of the Pākehā. She offers no short-term solutions and states that ‘[t]his country operates a system of vested interest of which the Māori has no part. If we were, there would be changes in the system’s design so that Māori physical health, at the very least, would equate that of white people.’
- "Te Koputu Taonga: Language Is More Than Just Words." Māori Wardens News: The Official Publication Of The N.Z. Māori Warden’s Association 4.3 (Sept. 1983): 65-79.
- "Te Koputu Taonga: A Christmas Message." Māori Wardens News: The Official Publication Of The N.Z. Māori Warden’s Association 4.3 (Dec. 1983): 78-81.
- "What Now?" S. Coney. Broadsheet 122 (Sept. 1984): 12.
- Donna Awatere is one of six women questioned about their response to the election of the Labour government in 1984.
- Alcohol and the Māori People. Prepared by Donna Awatere, Sally Casswell, Helen Cullen, Lynnette Gilmore and Debbie Kupenga. Auckland, N.Z.: Alcohol Research Unit, School of Medicine, U of Auckland, Feb. 1984.
- Donna Awatere acted as consultant for this working paper of three sections which seeks ‘to provide a composite picture of research on Māori people’s use of alcohol and related attitudes.’ In the first section Helen Cullen provides a history of Māori alcohol use and the respective legislation introduced to control liquor use and sales. In the second section, Casswell, Cullen and Gilmore give a review of Māori and non-Māori alcohol-related statistics. The third section, compiled by Debbie Kupenga, is composed of verbatim reports by young Māori on their response to alcohol.
- Māori Sovereignty. Auckland, N.Z.: Broadsheet, 1984.
- See annotations for the non-fiction articles of the same title Māori Sovereignty published in Broadsheet.
- "Te Koputu Taonga: Coping with Stress." Māori Wardens News: The Official Publication Of The N.Z. Māori Warden’s Association 6.1 (1985): 54-60.
- "In Search of Identity." In Search of Identity: The University of Auckland, N.Z. Winter Lectures 1985. [Auckland, N.Z.: U of Auckland, 1985]. 77-83.
- In this text of Donna Awatere’s lecture in the 1985 University of Auckland, N.Z. Winter Lectures series, she discusses Māori identity and notes the Pākehā concepts and culture that have mitigated against Māori identity, and the obstacles that face Pākehā in their search for white identity.
- "Waiora: Health from a Maaori Point of View." Ngaa Koorero O Te Hootoke 1985: Ko Taa Te Maaori Waahanga: Equity, Social Justice and Maaoridom. [Hamilton], N.Z.: U of Waikato, Centre for Maaori Studies and Research, Occasional Paper no 30, Feb. 1986. 7-17.
- Donna Awatere defines waiora which she states is not solely confined to physical health but includes every aspect of the ‘life of a person’ and maintaining ‘some control over what kind of life style they want.’ She argues that society is caught up in a linear system that tends to separate the various aspects of life. Waiora, by contrast, ‘is an attempt to bring together all of [the] strands.’ She discusses her experiences working for the Psychological Services, her reading programme in Otara, and Te Koputu Taonga which provided a model of Māori health professionals working together. This paper was presented on 12 June 1985, as part of the University of Waikato’s Winter Lecture series.
- "Te Mana Māori Motuhake: Māori Sovereignty: Part Three, Beyond the Noble Savage." Broadsheet 106 (Jan./Feb. 1983): 12-19. Excerpt rpt. in Te Ao Marama: Il Mondo Della Luce: Il Cinema Della Nuova Zelanda. Torino, 1989. 24-26. In English and Italian.
- In this third and final part of Donna Awatere’s "Māori Sovereignty" paper, she writes of the failure of past attempts by Māori leaders to achieve bicultural sovereignty because the underlying conceptual basis of the white culture is in direct opposition to that of the indigenous colonised people. She examines the conceptual differences and advocates a decolonising of the economy via: 1. ‘Forging international alliances with the radical countries and revolutionary movements of the Third World. 2. Breaking the traditional allegiances of white people eg British Commonwealth. 3. Breaking the power of the multinationals in key areas such as energy and finance.’ She addresses colonised Māori - those people who ‘have accepted as normal the key concepts underlying white culture.’ and argues that these people ‘have succeeded as white in some sections of white culture; economically, through the arts, at sport, through religion, the universities and the professions.’
- "Donna Awatere Huata Under Attack For Business Roundtable Address: Her Reply." Te Iwi o Aotearoa 34 (July 1990): 10.
- "I Want A New Zealand Where It Is Safe To Be Born A Māori Child." Broadsheet 76 (Jan./Feb. 1980): 18-23. Rpt in Broadsheet: Twenty Years of Broadsheet Magazine. Comp. and introd. by Pat Rosier. Auckland, N.Z.: New Women’s Press, 1992. 59.
- In this text of Donna’s speech presented at Broadsheet’s Suffrage Day Seminar on September 22, 1979, she examines the structures of institutionalised racism in New Zealand with specific reference to employment, justice and health, mental health, domestic violence and rape.
- "Rugby, Racism and Riot Gear: New Zealand In The Winter Of 1981." Broadsheet 94 (Nov. 1981): 10-15. Extract rpt. in Te Ao Mārama: Regaining Aotearoa: Māori Writers Speak Out. Comp. and ed. Witi Ihimaera. Contributing ed. Haare Williams, Irihapeti Ramsden and D. S. Long. Vol. 2: He Whakaatanga O Te Ao: The Reality. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed, 1993. 94-97.
- In this step-by-step account of the Anti-Tour movement during the 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand Donna Awatere asserts that police specifically targeted Māori and that Māori women protesters received the largest number of charges of any group. Donna Awatere notes that many Pākehā New Zealanders did not make the connection between racism in South Africa and racism in New Zealand and that while the death of Biko is universally mourned Māori deaths are ignored.
- "Māori Sovereignty: Part I." Broadsheet 100 (June 1982): 38-42. An extract rpt. as ‘From The Death Machine." in Te Ao Mārama: Regaining Aotearoa: Māori Writers Speak Out. Comp. and ed. Witi Ihimaera. Contributing ed. Haare Williams, Irihapeti Ramsden and D. S. Long. Vol. 2: He Whakaatanga O Te Ao: The Reality. Auckland, N.Z.: Reed, 1993. 108-112.
- The first of a series of three articles by Awatere on the subject of Māori Sovereignty. She discusses the impact of European settlement and monocultural policies on the Māori which have perpetuated the low socio-economic status of the Māori. She examines the gatekeepers in New Zealand society who exclude Māori from access to adequate housing, employment, education and justice, and highlights the fallacies of integrationism.
- "Walking on Eggs." Heading Nowhere in a Navy Blue Suit and other TALES from the FEMINIST REVOLUTION. Ed. Sue Kedgley & Mary Varnham. Thorndon, Wellington, N.Z.: Daphne Brasell, 1993. 120-131.
- Donna Awatere provides an account of her involvement with Nga Tamatoa, feminism, and Māori rights. She describes her trip to Cuba in 1979, the Springbok Tour of 1981 and her Māori sovereignty articles. She writes of the formation of her company Ihi Consultants and notes the enormous changes instigated by Māori women over the last two decades.
- "Three Great ‘Isms’ Of Alienation: Sexism, Racism And Capitalism." Mana Tangata: Māori Newspaper Feb. 1993. 156-157.
- "Marae Not A Paddock, Self Management Not Parliament." Kahungunu 1993. 66+. No further details.
- "World Is My Marae." Kahungunu July 1993. 55-57.
- "Achieving Rangātiratanga The Next Step To Parliament." Kahungunu 1994: 66-67. No further details.
- "Fiscal Envelope Submission." Kahungunu 1995: 512-513. No further details.
- My Journey. [Auckland, N.Z.]: Seaview, 1996.
- Donna Awatere Huata writes a powerful autobiographical account of her childhood, parents, and schooling. She discusses her introduction to Māori activism in the 1970s, the Springbok Tour of 1981, the Land March, and land protests at Bastion Point and Raglan. She also provides a critique of Marxism, and writes of her marriage to Wi Huata and her work training civil servants in Māori awareness.
- "Treaty Issues: Don’t Leave Them To The Bureaucrats." New Zealand Herald 6 Fe.b 1997. A13.
- "Compulsory Varsity Union Fees Must Go." New Zealand Herald 14 Feb. 1997. A17.
- "Remembering Mother – Not Just On The Day." New Zealand Herald 10 May 1997. A17.
- "They’re Seeing Things Differently." New Zealand Herald 3 Dec. 1997. A17.
- "PPTA Leads Culture Of Failure, Mediocrity." Evening Post 14 May 1998. 4.
- "Setting Goals For Our Children." Stimulus: the New Zealand Journal of Christian Thought and Practice 6.2 (May 1998): 49-50.
- "How To Fix Māori Education." Dominion 24 June 1998. 8.
- Zero Tolerance. Wellington, N.Z.: ACT New Zealand Parliamentary Office, 1998.
- "Government Of Vision Would Retain School Bulk-Funding." New Zealand Herald 6 Apr. 2000. A17.
- "Bulk Funding Is Successful." Dominion 28 Apr. 2000. 10.
- "Bulk Funding: ‘Why Fix Something That Isn’t Broken?’" Press 1 May 2000. 5.
- "Devolved Decision-Making Is Working." Otago Daily Times 2 May 2000. 12
- "Early Intervention, Education Key." Otago Daily Times 17 Oct. 2000. 9.
- "Triad Of Evil Starts On Marae." Dominion 27 Feb. 2002. 12.
- "Triad Of Evil Starts With Bullying On The Marae." Te Karere Māori 2.3 (2002): 4.
- "Personal And Political." Mana: The Māori News Magazine for All New Zealanders. 48 (Oct./Nov. 2002): 59.
- Reweti, Debbie. "Debbie Reweti Talked To Donna Awatere And Merata Mita About The Impact Of Māori Sovereignty." Broadsheet 124 (Nov. 1984): 12-15. Rpt. in Broadsheet: Twenty Years of Broadsheet Magazine. Comp. and introd. Pat Rosier. Auckland, N.Z.: New Women’s Press, 1992. 45-47.
- In this interview Donna Awatere and Merata Mita talk of the effects of the ‘Māori Sovereignty’ articles on Pākehā and Māori, and Donna discusses her reasons for writing the articles.
- He Taua et al. "Donna Awatere Huata Under Attack for Business Roundtable Address." Te Iwi o Aotearoa 34 (July 1990): 1, 10.
- "Two Māori Women in a Strange Place." Broadsheet 76 (1980): 23.
- A poem of a Māori woman disillusioned by the ‘bitter lie/of equality’ and resettled in Switzerland vowing never to return to her homeland, and her daughter totally cut off from her Māori roots.
- "To Hilda." Broadsheet 101 (July/Aug. 1982): 28.
- In this poem Awatere affirms the role of Hilda Halkyard in the struggle for Māori sovereignty and warns her of the ‘savage times ahead’ before she can ‘sleep the sleep/that warriors sleep upon the battlefield.’ In the second half of the poem Awatere articulates her own place on the battlefield.
- "Feminist Eye." rev. of Sons For The Return Home, dir. by Paul Maunder based on Albert Wendt’s publication. Broadsheet 75 (Dec. 1979): 38-39.
- "The Otara Reading Programme." Dip. Ed. (Psychology) Dissertation, U of Auckland, 1982.
- Dann, Christine. "Māori Women On The Move." Broadsheet 44 (1976): 6-9.
- Grafton, Tim. "Unlikely Pair Push Corporate Biculturalism." Dominion Sunday Times 22 Oct. 1989: 5.
- Baird, Patrick. "Business And Biculturalism: Side By Side." Management (Auckland) 37.3 (1990): 24-30.
- "Royal Soloists." Te Ao Hou 55 (1966): 45.
- A very brief article noting that Awatere was a soloist in Ashley Heenan’s Māori Suite which was sung at a Royal Youth Concert in Wellington in April 1966.
- "‘The World Is My Marae’." Te Māori News 2.8 (1993): 13.
- Quotes portions of Donna’s speech at the ‘Think Export’ conference in Auckland in 1993.
- Erai, Michelle, Fuli, Everdina, Irwin, Kathie and Wilcox, Lenaire. Māori Women: An Annotated Bibliography. [Wellington, N.Z.]: Michelle Erai, Everdina Fuli, Kathie Irwin and Lenaire Wilcox, 1991. 1, 2.
- My Journey
Jackson, Greg. The Press 6 July 1996. 15.
Māori Sovereignty Articles
- Webster, Steven. "A Pakeha Answer to Awatere." Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 46 (1983): 17-19.
- Jesson, Bruce. ‘Reviewing the "Māori Sovereignty" Debate.’ The Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 48 (Dec. 1983): 3-4, 19-20.
- A summary of the impact of Awatere’s articles.
- Jesson, Bruce. "Reviewing the ‘Māori Sovereignty’ Debate: Part Two: The Personal is individual." Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 49 (Feb. 1984): 14-16.
- Lee, Peter. "Donna Awatere & Māori Sovereignty - A Marxist View." The Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 43 (Dec. 1982): 7-16.
- Lee, Peter. "Out From The Edge And Beyond." Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 46 (1983): 4-12.
- Evans, Miriama. "Front Line Dispatch." The Dominion Sat. 16 Feb. 1985.
- Baldwin, J. "Republicanism and Māori Sovereignty: Waiting For Godot." Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 53 (1985): 14-17.
- Goddard, Michael. "Anthropology at Auckland University: Another View." Republican: A Magazine Of Left-Wing Analysis And Discussion 50 (1984): 12-16.
- "Pakeha Women Respond to Māori Sovereignty." Broadsheet 110 (1983): 16-18, 37-39.
- Vroegop, Veronica A. "The Ideological Basis Of Māori Sovereignty And Its Forms Of Political Expression." Hurupaa 10 Mar. 1989: 7-11.