Broughton was born in Christchurch and educated at Tuahiwi Native Primary School, Rata Street Primary School, Trentham Military Camp Primary School, Maungateretere Primary School and Rangiora High School where he undertook the professional course as well as general studies. He won the L’Alliance Française prize in French. At Rangiora High School he was vice-captain of the second fifteen rugby team, WO1, Regimental Sergeant Major for the battalion of the school cadet unit, and deputy head prefect. He continued his studies at Christchurch Teachers’ College and Wellington Polytechnic where he qualified in 1968 with the Diploma for Public Health Inspectors (Royal Society of Health, New Zealand Branch). He then proceeded on to study medicine at the University of Otago qualifying MB.ChB 1978. At Otago he was coxswain of the University of Otago Rowing VIII, Secretary and President of Selwyn College Students’ Association and a member of the University of Otago Māori Club. He was also a national referee for basketball, a role in which he officiated at New Zealand Universities’ tournaments as well as local and other national and international basketball tournaments. In 1990 Broughton qualified with a Diploma in Sports Medicine at the Royal London Hospital Medical College at the University of London. In 1992 he obtained the post-graduate Diploma in Musculoskeletal Medicine from the University of Otago and in 1994 was elected a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (FACSM). In 1995 he qualified with a Basic Medical Officers’ Certificate in Diving Medicine from the Royal Adelaide Hospital. In 1997 he was awarded an ANZAC Fellowship which took him to Australia to undertake a study on injury prevention strategies in rugby union and rugby league. He is presently in general medical practice at the New Lynn Family Health Centre, 3075 Great North Road, New Lynn, Waitakere.
Broughton’s major interests are Māori health and sports medicine. He was the founder of the Aotearoa Sports Federation in 1980 which promotes Māori participation in sport to enhance cultural identity and promotes health and well-being for the Māori athlete. He has been involved as a doctor in Māori touch, Māori rugby league, Māori netball, Māori tennis and Māori rugby. He was the Medical Director of the Citibank Auckland Marathon in 1992. Broughton is currently Medical Adviser of the Counties Manukau Rugby Union: Sevens, Māori Rugby, Academy and to Te Hiku o Te Ika Māori Rugby Council (Inc.) (northern region). Since 1966 he has been Chairman of the Medical Committee, International Va’a Federation. He is a rugby referee with the Auckland, Rugby Referees’ Association, Auckland Rugby Union.
He has presented papers at Rugby World Cup Medical Conferences since 1991 in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1995 in Sun City, South Africa, 1999 in Cardiff, Wales, and 2003 in Brisbane, Australia. His current research interests are in injury prevention strategies in rugby and Māori health
- Correspondence and phone conversations with Dr Henare Broughton, October 1997, 11 and 31 August 1998, 1 April and 7 July, 2004.
- "A Viewpoint on Māori Health." New Zealand Medical Journal 97.755 (1984): 290-91.
- A lead article in which he notes that the definition of Māori health is similar to that of the World Health Organisation’s definition for health, except that the meaning of Māori health has little to do with disease.
- "Health and Sport." Médecine du Sport 25 Mai 1987 Bimestriel, Paris, France. Rpt. in English in the Journal of the Royal Society of Health 107.4 (1987): 131-33. Presented at the conference of the International Federations of Sports Medicine, (FIMS), Brisbane, Australia, 1986. Extracts rpt. in Tu Tangata 36 (1987): 49.
- Broughton discusses the full implications of health which he states "includes a sense of spiritual, mental and physical wellbeing" and he looks at how sport can promote health and wellbeing.
- "The Well-Being of the Māori." World Health: the Magazine of the World Health Organisation (June 1989): 20-21.
- "A Māori doctor explains how social and cultural factors may explain statistical differences between Māori and non-Māori figures for health and education." This paper has been translated into Russian and French.
- "Premature Degeneration of the Cervical Spine in a Rugby Union Player - a Case Report." New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine (Spring 1993): 48-49.
- Presented at the 1991 Rugby World Cup Medical Congress at Edinburgh. It was a case concerning a rugby athlete who developed progressive signs and symptoms in the neck region which were attributed to early degeneration of the cervical (neck) spine.
- "Te Hakituatahi o Aotearoa - 1835 (The First Flag of New Zealand)." "Te Pukapuka Houanga Whaimana o Aotearoa" The New Zealand Official Yearbook. 98th ed. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Statistics Te Ta Tari Tatau, 1995.
- "Better Māori Health Living in a Healthy Environment." The New Zealand Family Physician 29.5 (2002).
- This paper was presented at the Pakuranga Rotary Club meeting in August 2002.
- "An Injury Prevention Strategy for Rugby Utilising Video Analysis for the Scrum and Tackle." Brisbane, Austral.: Queensland U of Technology, 2003.
- Presented at the International Conference on the Science and Practice of Rugby, Brisbane, Australia, 5-7 November 2003.
- "Independence Day for New Zealand, 28 October." "Te Pukapuka Houanga Whaimana o Aotearoa". The New Zealand Official Yearbook, 104th ed. Wellington, N.Z.: Department of Statistics, Te Tari Tatau, 2004.
- Health care and a new primary medical care model -- lessons from the United Kingdom and Australia. New Zealand Family Physician 32 6 (Dec 2005): 378-381.
- "Are Stage of Change constructs relevant for subjective oral health in a vulnerable population?" Community dental health 32.2 (June 2015): 111-6, DOI: 10.1922/CDH_3439Jamieson.
- An Injury Prevention Strategy for Rugby Union.
- A report on the 1998 season injuries for the Ponsonby District Rugby Football Union Club with analyses undertaken by the Accident Rehabilitation and Compensation Insurance Corporation with a view to this report being put before the NZ RFU.
- A Report on Rugby Injuries.
- A report on injuries for the 1998 season for the Ponsonby District Rugby Football Club with analyses undertaken by the Accident Rehabilitation and Compensation Insurance Corporation, Wellington. 1998.